When mentoring our pre-service and in-service teachers we need to describe and model both research-based and clinically tested best practices. Accordingly, our mentees should know some of the major differences between student-engaged and teacher-directed models of teaching.
Some Major Differences Between the Student-Engaged and
the Teacher-Directed Models of Teaching
Student-Engaged Models of Teaching
Teacher-Directed Models of Teaching
Teacher structures many opportunities for students to talk.
Teacher does most of the talking.
Teacher invites students to help create meaningful classroom rules.
Teacher promulgates the classroom rules.
Students create knowledge.
Teacher transmits knowledge.
Students construct knowledge.
Students receive knowledge.
Teacher respects the prior knowledge of students, and views students as theory builders.
Teacher views students as empty vessels having little relevant prior knowledge.
Teacher taps into the multiple intelligences of students.
Teacher primarily uses visual and auditory means to deliver instruction.
There are many teachers, and learners in the room.
There is one teacher in the room, and many learners.
Teacher and students pose questions to the entire learning community.
Teacher poses the questions.
Teacher uses traditional, and non-traditional, or alternative assessment instruments.
Teacher primarily uses traditional assessment instruments.
Teacher gives students raw data, primary sources, and manipulatives to generate the major concepts in the curriculum.
Teacher tells the major concepts in the curriculum.
Teacher allows student responses to drive the lesson.
Teacher's lesson plan drives what is taught each day.
Teacher provides students with many opportunities to interact with one another, and move around the classroom.
Teacher believes students must be still in order to learn.
On the next post we will begin our discussion of the first student-engaged model of teaching, the Classroom Discussion Model.