When mentoring our pre-service and in-service teachers we need to describe and model both research-based and clinically tested best practices. Accordingly, our mentees should know how to differentiate instruction by modifying the lesson plan design in terms of these four variables: (1) content, (2) instruction, (3) assessments and (4) learning styles and multiple intelligences. The chart below offers sample modifications in lesson plan design for these four variables.
*Sample Modifications In Lesson Plan Design
Types of Modifications
Some students may need concrete examples, visual organizers, a list of vocabulary words, parallel assignments, enrichment activities (for accelerated learners), etc.
Some students may need to work alone, work with a madrich/ madricha, or a teaching assistant, do pair work, or require more think time, etc.
Some students may require non-traditional assessment methods such as drawing, singing, dancing, miming, or role-playing to determine what they know, or have learned.
Learning Style and Multiple Intelligences
Some students may require different kinds of sensory or receptive stimulation (e.g. auditory, visual, kinesthetic, tactile, gustatory, and olfactory); others work best when they apply their musical, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, kinesthetic, mathematical/logical, and verbal/linguistic intelligences.
On the next post we will discuss how to individualize instruction.
 The traditional assessment methods include paper and pencil tests, quizzes, short answer, multiple choice, sentence completions, and essays.