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Tuesday, March 2, 2010

Visual Cueing as a Teacher Intervention to Prevent and Manage Student Disruptive Behavior. Step 2: Time-Out

When mentoring our pre-service and in-service teachers we need to describe and model both research-based and clinically tested best practices.Accordingly, this is the second of several posts on how to manage the disruptive behavior of certain students in the Judaic classroom. These particular teacher interventions have been clinically tested in Judaic and secular classrooms and schools over the past 30 years. In this particular post, we will explain step two, Time-Out .

As a teaching candidate, teacher or mentor teacher we want to reduce or eliminate disruptive classroom behavior. One clinical practice to achieve the objective (i.e. to reduce or eliminate classroom disruptive behavior) is to use visual cueing or prompts to notify students of what is expected of them. In previous posts we have discussed the efficacy of visual cueing for focusing student thinking. Refer to these posts on Think-Trix, the Q-Matrix and Six Types of Questions/Information.

At this time we are going to use visual cueing as a vehicle to prevent and manage anticipated student disruptive behavior.

I will directly copy the narrative contained in Toolbox for Teachers and Mentors: Moving Madrichim to Mentor Teachers and Beyond on this teacher intervention, Time-Out.

"At the beginning of the year, I tell my students that I don't appreciate it when students disrupt instruction. So instead of stopping the lesson when a student is behaving inappropriately, (e.g. talking to a neighbor, passing a note, doing off-task behavior), I give her a visual cue. I simply point my index finger at her, and I move toward her. This means that whatever she is doing at that time has my attention, and she needs to correct her behavior immediately. If the inappropriate behavior stops, the problem is solved. If the behavior continues, I make the peace sign displaying two fingers, the index finger and the middle finger making a letter V, and point those two fingers at her. This tells the student to go to the time-out seat in the back of the room, and complete the time-out form which appears at the top of this post. This form asks the student to record the answer to these three questions: (1)What were you doing that disrupted instruction? (2) What classroom rule or expectation did you violate? (3) What's your plan to change your behavior? If in my judgment the student (a) understands what she has done, (b) understands what expectation/s she's violated, and (c) has a thoughtful plan to change her behavior, I give her permission to return to her assigned seat. “

Thus, Disciplining By the Numbers requires the teacher to first explain the four visual signals or cues on managing student behavior, and then implement those teacher interventions when the need arises. In this case, we have described how the teacher might explain step two, Time-Out. If step two does not produce the desired result, you proceed to step three, the Conflict Resolution Method.

On the next post we will explain step three, The Conflict Resolution Method, in Disciplining by the Numbers.

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