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Wednesday, September 30, 2009

The Presentation Model of Teaching


When mentoring our pre-service and in-service teachers we need to describe and model both research-based and clinical best practices. Accordingly our mentees should know about the Presentation Model of Teaching.

The presentation or advance organizer model of teaching is a teacher-directed and systematically organized way of delivering information to students. This model involves the four steps that are described below:

The Four Steps of the Presentation Model of Teaching (*Arends, 2001)

Steps

Description

Teacher and/or Student Behavior

1

Get students ready to learn, and clarify the objective/s of the lesson

Teacher is clear about the objective(s) and main point(s)

· States the goal(s) of the presentation

· Focuses on one main point at a time

· Avoids digressions

· Avoids ambiguity

2

Present the advance organizer

Teacher goes through the lesson in a logical step-by-step progression

· Presents materials in small steps

· Presents students with an outline if the material is complex

3

Present new information

Teacher gives specific examples

· Gives detailed explanations of difficult points

· Provides students with concrete and varied examples

· Models or illustrates ideas when possible

4

Check for student understanding, and extend and strengthen thinking skills

Teacher checks for student understanding

· Makes certain students understand one point before going on to next point

· Asks questions to monitor student comprehension

· Asks students to summarize or paraphrase main points

· Explains in a different way when students appear confused


*Arends, R. (2001). Learning to Teach. (Fifth Edition). Boston: McGraw-Hill.

On the next post we will insert a sample lesson on the Ten Commandments into the four-step Presentation Model of Teaching template.

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