When mentoring our pre-service and in-service teachers we need to describe and model both research-based and clinical best practices. Accordingly our mentees should know about the Presentation Model of Teaching.
The presentation or advance organizer model of teaching is a teacher-directed and systematically organized way of delivering information to students. This model involves the four steps that are described below:
The Four Steps of the Presentation Model of Teaching (*Arends, 2001)
Steps | Description | Teacher and/or Student Behavior |
1 | Get students ready to learn, and clarify the objective/s of the lesson | Teacher is clear about the objective(s) and main point(s) · States the goal(s) of the presentation · Focuses on one main point at a time · Avoids digressions · Avoids ambiguity |
2 | Present the advance organizer | Teacher goes through the lesson in a logical step-by-step progression · Presents materials in small steps · Presents students with an outline if the material is complex |
3 | Present new information | Teacher gives specific examples · Gives detailed explanations of difficult points · Provides students with concrete and varied examples · Models or illustrates ideas when possible |
4 | Check for student understanding, and extend and strengthen thinking skills | Teacher checks for student understanding · Makes certain students understand one point before going on to next point · Asks questions to monitor student comprehension · Asks students to summarize or paraphrase main points · Explains in a different way when students appear confused |
*Arends, R. (2001). Learning to Teach. (Fifth Edition). Boston: McGraw-Hill.
On the next post we will insert a sample lesson on the Ten Commandments into the four-step Presentation Model of Teaching template.
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